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Definition: Donetsk from The Columbia Encyclopedia

(dӘnyĕtsk'), city (1990 est. pop. 1,120,000), capital of Donetsk region, E Ukraine, on the Kalmius River. The largest industrial center of the Donets Basin and one of the largest in Ukraine, it has coal mines, coking plants, iron and steel mills, machinery works, and chemical plants. Due to underground tunneling, the city has had problems with land subsidence. The city was founded in 1870 as Yuzovka, named after the Welsh industrialist, John Hughes, who built a factory and many buildings there. From 1924 to 1961 it was called Stalino. In 2014 and 2015 the city and its region became the most prominent center of the pro-Russian uprising against the Ukrainian government, and some of the most persistent fighting was located around the city.

Summary Article: Donetsk
from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

City in Ukraine; capital of Donetsk region (oblast), situated in the Donets Basin, a major coal-mining area and one of the largest industrial centres in Ukraine, 600 km/372 mi southeast of Kiev; population (2003 est) 984,900; urban agglomeration 1,699,500. Donetsk has blast furnaces, rolling mills, and other heavy industries. Other industries include electricity generation, building materials, shoes, furniture, and food processing.

Donetsk developed from 1869 when a Scottish industrialist, John Hughes, established a metallurgical factory, and the town was initially called Yuzovka after him; it was renamed Stalino in 1924, and Donetsk in 1961. During World War II German troops occupied and severely damaged the city. It is the seat of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and also has a university.

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(Russian Donetsk); 1924-1961 Stalino; to 1924 Yuzivka (Russian Yuzovka)

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