Seaport, ✽ of Senegal and of former French West Africa, on S side of Cap Vert Penin.; capital region pop. (1992e) 1,729,823; with Île de Gorée, Rufisque, and adjacent area formed from 1924 to 1946 an autonomous circumscription, Dakar and Dependencies (60 sq. mi. or 155 sq. km.); flour milling, fish canning; oil refining; textiles; peanut oil; zoological garden (1903); university (1957); has one of best harbors on Atlantic coast of Africa; of strategic importance as dominating W tip of Africa.
Founded 1857 opp. settlement of Île de Gorée (q.v.) which had been French since 17th cent.; railroad built from Dakar to St.-Louis 1882–85; became naval base and, in 1902, ✽ of French West Africa (q.v.); after defeat of France at beginning of WWII attacked unsuccessfully by forces of Free French and British Sept. 23–25, 1940; by decree 1946 reunited with Senegal; became ✽ of Senegal c. 1960.
See Senegal: Colonial Period: Four Communes: Dakar, Saint Louis, Gorée, and Rufisque . ...
n 1 Louis Léon César. 1818–89, French soldier and governor of Senegal (1854–65); founder of Dakar
Full text Article The Island of Dakar with a View of a Missionary's House during construction, 1846 (w/c on paper)
Artist: French School, (19th century) Location: Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France Credit: The Island of Dakar with a View of a Missionary's Hous