US director, producer, and writer who specialized in horror films aimed largely at a teenage audience. He rose to fame with the success of the film A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984), which he wrote and directed, and which became a successful franchise. He went on to direct Scream (1996) and its three sequels (1997, 2000, 2011). Scream was celebrated for its chilling yet ironic tone, poking fun at low-budget horror films, while still achieving mainstream box-office success.
He also directed The Hills Have Eyes (1977) and The People Under the Stairs (1991). His film Music of the Heart (1999) marked a departure from the horror genre; starring Meryl Streep, it was about the true-life story of violin teacher Roberta Guaspari.
Craven was born in Cleveland, Ohio. He published a novel, Fountain Society in 1999, and a comic book series Coming of Rage in 2014.
Wes Craven's World