Przejdź do głównych treści Przejdź do pola wyszukiwania
Summary Article: coordinate geometry
From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

System of geometry in which points, lines, shapes, and surfaces are represented by algebraic expressions. In plane (two-dimensional) coordinate geometry, the plane is usually defined by two axes at right angles to each other, the horizontal x-axis and the vertical y-axis, meeting at O, the origin. A point on the plane can be represented by a pair of Cartesian coordinates, which define its position in terms of its distance along the x-axis and along the y-axis from O. These distances are, respectively, the x and y coordinates of the point.

Lines are represented as equations; for example, y = 2x + 1 gives a straight line, and y = 3x2 + 2x gives a parabola (a curve). The graphs of varying equations can be drawn by plotting the coordinates of points that satisfy their equations, and joining up the points. One of the advantages of coordinate geometry is that geometrical solutions can be obtained without drawing but by manipulating algebraic expressions. For example, the coordinates of the point of intersection of two straight lines can be determined by finding the unique values of x and y that satisfy both of the equations for the lines, that is, by solving them as a pair of simultaneous equations. The curves studied in simple coordinate geometry are the conic sections (circle, ellipse, parabola, and hyperbola), each of which has a characteristic equation.

In three-dimensional coordinate geometry, a point in space is represented by three coordinates (x,y,z), defined by reference to three axes at right angles to each other.

images

maximum and minimum

© RM, 2018. All rights reserved.

Pokrewne wpisy w Credo


Full text Article coordinate geometry
Philip's Encyclopedia

(algebraic geometry) Branch of mathematics combining the methods of pure geometry with those of algebra . Any geometrical point can be given...

Full text Article analytic geometry
The Columbia Encyclopedia

branch of geometry in which points are represented with respect to a coordinate system, such as Cartesian coordinates, and in which the approach to

Full text Article analytic geometry
Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

Investigation of geometric objects using coordinate systems. Because René Descartes was the first to apply algebra to geometry, it is also known as

Patrz więcej wyników Credo