Capital of New Hampshire, in the south-central part of the state, on the Merrimack River, 30 km/19 mi north of Manchester; population (2000 est) 40,700. It also serves as the administrative headquarters of Merrimack County. Concord is the centre of an agricultural region; industries include granite, leather goods, electrical equipment, printed products, and wood products. Concord was incorporated as a town in 1733 and as a city in 1853.
The area was settled in 1727 on the site of an earlier trading post and was named Rumford until 1765. The community was renamed Concord in 1765 to commemorate the peaceful settlement of a border dispute with Massachusetts, which had claimed ownership.
Features include the State Capitol (1819), which contains its original legislative chamber, the oldest in continuous use in the USA. The building itself was extensively remodelled in both 1866 and 1910 and has a gold dome. President Franklin Pierce lived in Concord after his term ended and is buried in the Old North Cemetery. Concord teacher Christa McAuliffe, one of the seven astronauts who died aboard the Challenger, is memorialized in the Christa McAuliffe Planetarium. The city is also the site of the Museum of New Hampshire History.