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Summary Article: Cold Harbor, Battle of
From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

American Civil War engagement near Richmond, Virginia, 1–12 June 1864, in which the Confederate army under Robert E Lee repulsed Union attacks under Ulysses S Grant, inflicting heavy casualties and forcing Grant to adopt a siege of Petersburg.

The Union army sustained 8,000 casualties in the first two hours of battle on 3 June alone and lost over 12,500 in the period 1–12 June against Confederate losses of fewer than 3,000. This engagement, one of the final Confederate victories of the war, demonstrated their tenacity and kept Grant's army largely stationary until April 1865.

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