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Summary Article: CLAPARÈDE, ÉDOUARD (1873–1940)
from Encyclopedia of Disability

Swiss physician and psychologist

Édouard Claparède is a notable personality in the history of psychology and the pedagogical sciences. Born in Geneva, he belonged to a French family that had emigrated after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes and was admitted to the Geneva bourgeoisie in 1724. A physician and psychologist, he is known as the founder, in 1912, of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute and of a school of pedagogical sciences, as the editor of the journal Archives de psychologie, and as president of numerous international psychological congresses. But it is above all his published work that has established his worldwide reputation, translated and reissued numerous times in many different languages (see Further Readings below).

An advocate of experimentation in psychology, functional education, and the application of psychology to pedagogy, he was also a scholar, with liberal, middle-class, and leftist views, who took up many causes, in particular the rights of children, world peace, psychology, and cultural and intellectual exchanges among nations. His ideals and experience are summed up in his last work, a kind of will and testament, Morale et politique, ou, les vacances de la probité (Morality and Politics, or Honesty on Vacation, 1940).

    See also
  • Psychology.

Further Readings
  • Claparède, Édouard. 1905. Psychologie de l’enfant et pédagogie expérimentale (Experimental Pedagogy and the Psychology of the Child).
  • Claparède, Édouard. 1920. L’école sur mesure (School Made to Measure).
  • Claparède, Édouard. 1922. L’orientation professionnelle, ses problèmes et ses méthodes (Problems and Methods of Vocational Guidance).
  • Claparède, Édouard. 1924. Comment diagnostiquer les aptitudes chez les écoliers (How to Diagnose Aptitudes in Schoolchildren).
  • Claparède, Édouard. 1931. L’éducation fonctionnelle (Functional Education).
  • Henri-Jacques Stiker
    Copyright © 2006 by SAGE Publications, Inc.

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