Skip to main content Skip to Search Box
Summary Article: Civil Rights Act 1964 from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

US legislation that outlawed discrimination on the grounds of a person's colour, race, national origin, religion, or sex. Rights protected under the act include a person's freedom to seek employment. The act is considered the USA's strongest civil-rights legislation since Reconstruction.

The act specifically guarantees voting rights by removing requirements and procedures designed to disenfranchise minority groups and the poor, prohibits discrimination in public facilities, requires desegregation of public schools, expands the role of the Civil Rights Commission, and forbids discrimination by any programme that receives federal funds. The act established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which takes complaints against discrimination in the workplace to court.

Originally proposed by John F Kennedy in 1963, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, carried out under Lyndon B Johnson, caused great controversy and instigated one of the longest Senate debates in history. It was the precursor to other attempts (such as affirmative action) to redress discrimination against minorities.

documents

Johnson, Lyndon: Address on the Signing of Civil Rights Legislation

Johnson, Lyndon: The Right to Vote

© RM, 2016. All rights reserved.

Related Credo Articles

Full text Article Civil Rights Act of 1964
Encyclopedia of African American Society

Landmark civil rights legislation that outlawed discrimination in public accommodations such as hotels, motels, restaurants, and theaters....

Full text Article Civil Rights Act of 1964
Capstone Encyclopaedia of Business

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination in the United States on the grounds of a person’s colour, race, national origin,...

Full text Article Civil Rights Act of 1964
Encyclopedia of Career Development

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed by President Lyndon B. Johnson in the wake of the assassination of President Kennedy and as the civil...

See more from Credo