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Definition: cerebrum from Philip's Encyclopedia

Largest and most highly developed part of the brain, consisting of the cerebral hemispheres separated by a central fissure. It is covered by the cerebral cortex. It co-ordinates all higher functions and voluntary activity. The cerebrum is divided into hemispheres and four lobes, including paired frontal lobes that are the areas for learning and personality.


Summary Article: cerebrum
From The Chambers Dictionary

(pl cer'ebrums or cer'ebra) the front and larger part of the brain; loosely, the whole brain. [L cerebrum the brain; prob cognate with Gr karā the head, and krānion the cranium]

■ cer'ebral
(also /sƏ-rē'brƏl/) adj

relating to the brain or the cerebrum; intellectual, as opposed to practical; of consonant sounds, produced by inverting the tip of the tongue on the palate (phonetics).

■ cer'ebralism
n

the theory that all mental operations originate in the brain.

■ cer'ebralist
n.

■ cer'ebrally
adv.

■ cer'ebrate
vi

to think, to use the brain.

■ cerebrā'tion
n

action of the brain, esp unconscious.

■ cer'ebric
(or /sƏr-eb'rik/) adj

cerebral.

■ cereb'riform
adj

brain-shaped.

■ cerebrī'tis
n

inflammation of the cerebrum.

■ cer'ebroside
n

any of various lipids found in nerve tissue.

■ cerebrōspīn'al
adj

relating to the brain and spinal cord together.

■ cerebrotonia
/-tō'ni-Ə/ n

(L tonus tone) the temperament associated with ectomorphic body type characterized by introversion and hypersensitivity.

■ cerebrōton'ic
adj.

■ cer'ebrōvas'cūlar
adj

relating to the cerebrum and its blood vessels.

❑ cerebral cortex
n

the outer layers of the cerebral hemispheres associated with higher function of the nervous system.

❑ cerebral death

see brain death under brain.

❑ cerebral dominance
n

the tendency of one side of the brain to dominate certain functions, eg the left side of the cerebrum produces right-handedness in the majority of people.

❑ cerebral haemorrhage
n

haemorrhage of a blood vessel or blood vessels in the brain, esp the rupture of an artery.

❑ cerebral hemisphere
n

one of the two lateral halves of the cerebrum.

❑ cerebral palsy
n

a form of congenital paralysis marked by lack of muscular co-ordination, etc.

❑ cerebrospinal fever
n

meningitis.

❑ cerebrospinal fluid
n

the clear colourless fluid that surrounds the spinal cord and ventricles in the brain.

❑ cerebrovascular accident
n

a sudden interruption of the blood supply to the brain, as in a cerebral haemorrhage.

© 2015 by Chambers Publishing Ltd.

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