Saltar para conteúdo principal Saltar para Caixa de Pesquisa
Summary Article: Césaire, Aimé
From The Columbia Encyclopedia

(Aimé Fernand Césaire)(ĕmā' fĕrnäN' sāzâr'), 1913–2008, West Indian poet and essayist who wrote in French. After studying in Paris he became concerned with the plight of blacks in what he considered a decadent Western society. With Léopold Senghor and Léon Damas he formulated the concept of négritude, which urged blacks to reject assimilation and cultivate consciousness of their own racial qualities and heritage. Césaire voiced this idea through poetry, collected in such volumes as Les armes miraculeuses (1946) and Ferrements (1960) and in the essay Discours sur le colonialisme (1950, tr. 1972). In addition to his literary output, which comprises poetry, plays, and historical essays on black leaders, Césaire helped Martinique shed the colonialism he abhorred and become (1946) a French overseas department. He held a number of government positions, including that of mayor (1945–83, 1984–2001) of Martinique's capital, Fort-de-France, and also was a member (1946–56, 1958–93) of France's National Assembly.

  • See his Collected Poetry (tr. 1984);.
  • studies by S. Frutkin (1973), A. J. Arnold (1981, repr. 2000), R. L. Scharfman (1987), and G. Davis (1997).
The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018

Artigos Relacionados ao Credo

Full text Article Césaire, Aimé
Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean Literature, 1900-2003

b. 1913, Basse-Pointe, Martinique Poet and playwright One of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature, Césaire was...

Full text Article Césaire, Aimé (1913 - )
The Cambridge Guide to Theatre

Césaire has enjoyed a successful career as a politician and author, being one of the founders (with Léopold...

Veja mais do Credo