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Definition: Catt, Carrie Clinton Chapman from Chambers Biographical Dictionary




US reformer and pacifist

Born in Ripon, Wisconsin and educated at Iowa State College, she joined the staff of the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890, and later became its president (1900-04, 1915-47), effecting dramatic changes in the organization and helping to bring about the 19th Amendment (1920), thus securing the vote for women. She organized the Women's Peace Party during World War I, helped establish the League of Women Voters (1919), and spent the later years of her life campaigning for world peace.

Summary Article: Catt, Carrie Chapman
From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

Carrie Chapman Catt. Credit:Courtesy of the League of Women Voters of Illinois

(born Jan. 9, 1859, Ripon, Wis., U.S.—died March 9, 1947, New Rochelle, N.Y.) U.S. advocate of woman suffrage. A graduate of Iowa State College (1880), she became a high-school principal in Mason City, Iowa, in 1881 and superintendent of schools two years later; she was one of the first U.S. women to hold such a post. She married Leo Chapman in 1884. After his untimely death in 1886 she devoted herself to organizing the Iowa Woman Suffrage Association (1887–90). Her marriage to George W. Catt, an engineer, in 1890, was unusual in its prenuptial legal contract providing her with four months of free time each year to work exclusively for woman suffrage. In 1900 she was elected to succeed Susan B. Anthony as president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). Between 1905 and 1915 Catt reorganized the NAWSA along political district lines. By then an accomplished public speaker, she served as the group’s president from 1915 until her death. After ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, which granted voting rights to women, she reorganized the NAWSA as the League of Women Voters to work for progressive legislation, including the cause of world peace. See also woman suffrage movement.

Birth Place: Ripon, Wisconsin, United States

Death Place: New Rochelle, New York, United States

Name: Catt, Carrie Chapman or Carrie Chapman Catt

Gender: female

Nationality: American

Activity: American feminist leader

Keywords: American, New Rochelle, Women Voters, League of, woman suffrage, peace movement, Carrie Chapman Catt, Ripon, New York, Catt, Carrie Chapman, Wisconsin, Iowa Woman Suffrage Association, United States, National American Woman Suffrage Association

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

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