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Summary Article: Carracci, Annibale from Chambers Biographical Dictionary

1540-1609

Italian artist

Born in Bologna, he was the brother of Agostino Carracci and cousin of Ludovico Carracci, and leading member of a Bolognese dynasty. He was responsible for the revival of Italian painting after the vapid excesses of the later Mannerist period. The chief influences on his style were Raphael and Correggio. He was a talented draughtsman, and many of the family's drawings are in the British Royal Collection at Windsor. Apart from being the inventor of caricature in the modern sense, he was also a lively genre painter. In his greatest work, the ceiling of the Palazzo Farnese in Rome (1597-1600), he combines the influence of the antique with those of the High Renaissance masters, Michelangelo and Raphael. He was also the father of the idealized landscape which reached perfection in the hands of Claude and Nicolas Poussin. Zampieri Domenichino and Guido Reni were both students at the Carracci Academy.

© Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd 2011

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