Skip to main content Skip to Search Box
Summary Article: Carpeaux, Jean-Baptiste
from The Columbia Encyclopedia

(zhäN-bätēst' kärpō'), 1827–75, French sculptor and painter. He studied with François Rude and won the Prix de Rome. Carpeaux rose to fame with his Ugolino (1860–62; Louvre) and became a favorite of the Second Empire, receiving many portrait commissions. Of his sculpture groups, the best known is The Dance on the facade of the Opéra, Paris. His Neapolitan Shell-Fisher and his portrait busts of Napoleon III, Dumas fils, Gérôme, and Empress Eugénie are in the Louvre, along with numerous paintings, including Bal costumé aux Tuileries, Les Trois Souverains, and several portraits.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2017

Related Articles


Full text Article Carpeaux Jean-Baptiste (1827 - 1875)
A Biographical Dictionary of Artists, Andromeda

Carpeaux was the major French sculptor of his day. His works have qualities of movement and rhythm that contrast with contemporary...

Full text Article Carpeaux, Jean-Baptiste (1827 - 1875)
The Bloomsbury Guide to Art

He was the most important French sculptor of the Second Empire. He trained with Rude and also studied at the École des...

See more from Credo