Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: cabbage from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Vegetable plant related to the turnip and wild mustard, or charlock. It was cultivated as early as 2000 BC, and the many commercial varieties include kale, Brussels sprouts, common cabbage, savoy, cauliflower, sprouting broccoli, and kohlrabi. (Brassica oleracea, family Cruciferae.)

weblinks

Cole Crops or Brassicas

images

cabbage field


Summary Article: cabbage from The Columbia Encyclopedia

leafy garden vegetable of many widely dissimilar varieties, all probably descended from the wild, or sea, cabbage (Brassica oleracea) of the family Cruciferae (mustard family), found on the coasts of Europe. It is used for food for man and stock, mostly in Europe and North America. Well-known varieties of the species include the cabbages, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, collards, kale, and kohlrabi. All grow best in cool, moist climates. They are attacked mostly by insect pests. The true cabbages (var. capitata) include the white and red types and the Savoy type (grown mostly in Europe), with curly, loose leaves. Inexpensive and easily stored, cabbage is important in the diet of many poorer peoples. Popular cabbage dishes include sauerkraut and slaw (raw cabbage). Chinese cabbage, or petsai, chiefly a salad plant, is a separate species (B. pekinensis) grown in many varieties, especially in East Asia. Cabbages with multicolored leaves are becoming popular as ornamental border plants for flower gardens. Cabbages are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Capparales, family Cruciferae.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2017

Related Credo Articles

Full text Article cabbage
Philip's Encyclopedia

Low, stout vegetable of the genus Brassica . Members include Brussels sprouts, cauliflowers, broccoli, kohlrabi and turnips. They are biennials...

Full text Article cabbage
Dictionary of Leisure, Travel and Tourism

/kæbı/ noun vegetables a green leafy vegetable with a round heart or head comment : Green cabbage is usually eaten boiled; red...

Full text Article cabbage
The Macmillan Encyclopedia

A flowering plant, Brassica oleracea var. capitata , widely cultivated as a vegetable. The short stem bears a round heart, up to 25 cm in...

See more from Credo