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Definition: Buckingham Palace from Philip's Encyclopedia

London residence of British sovereigns since 1837. Formerly owned by the Dukes of Buckingham, it was purchased by George III in 1761, and remodelled into a 600-room palace by John Nash in 1825. Sir Aston Webb redesigned the east front in 1913.


Summary Article: Buckingham Palace
from Eye Witness Travel Guide: London

Buckingham Palace is both office and official London residence of the British monarchy. It is also used for ceremonial state occasions such as banquets for visiting heads of state. About 500 people work at the palace, including officers of the Royal Household and domestic staff.

John Nash converted the original Buckingham House into a palace for George IV (reigned 1820–30). Both he and his brother, William IV (reigned 1830–37), died before work was completed, and Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live at the palace. The present east front, facing The Mall, was added to Nash's conversion in 1913. The State Rooms are open to the public in summer.

Who lives in Buckingham Palace?

The palace is the London residence of the Queen and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh. The Princess Royal, the Duke of York and the Earl of Wessex also have apartments here. About 50 domestic staff have rooms in the palace. There are more staff homes situated in the Royal Mews).

Visitors’ checklist
  • SW1
  • Tel 020 7766 7300
  • Metro station St James's Park, Victoria
  • Bus route 2B, 11, 16, 24, 25, 36, 38, 52, 73, 135, C1
  • Railway station Victoria
  • State rooms: Open end-Jul–end-Sep: 9.30am–5:30pm daily
  • Admission Charge
  • No Photography
  • http://www.royalcollection.org.uk
  • Changing of the Guard: Open May–Jul: 11.30am daily; Aug–Apr: alternate days
  • Tickets not required

The Throne Room In a room lit by seven magnificent chandeliers sit the thrones used by the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh during her coronation.

The Garden is a haven for wildlife and is overlooked by most of the lavishly decorated state rooms at the back of the palace. It is also the venue for Royal Garden Parties, where guests enjoy tea and cakes.

Changing of the Guard

Visitors can witness the Buckingham Palace grounds guard handing over duty regularly throughout the year in a colourful and musical royal military ceremony.

© 2012 Dorling Kindersley Limited

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