Any of a group of musical instruments made of brass or other metal. It does not include woodwind instruments made of metal, such as the saxophone or flute. The sound is produced when the column of air inside the instrument is made to vibrate by the player's lips vibrating against the mouthpiece. Orchestral brass instruments are descended from signalling instruments (the ‘natural horn’, ‘natural trumpet’) consisting of a single tube with no extra mechanism. These instruments could only produce notes in their own harmonic series – the higher notes of the series being produced by the player increasing the lip tension. To achieve a variety of notes, a player used a set of crooks (several pieces of tubing of differing lengths). Early in the 19th century, the invention of the valve system meant that brass instruments could now play all the notes throughout their pitch range. They are powerful and efficient generators of sound, and produce tones of great depth and resonance.
The number and type of brass instruments needed in the symphony orchestra vary, but there are usually four French horns, two trumpets, three trombones, and one tuba. In the brass band they include the cornet, flugelhorn, tenor horn, B flat baritone, euphonium, trombone, and bombardon (bass tuba).
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instruments constructed of metal, with cupped mouthpieces. The most popular orchestral brass instruments are horn, trumpet, trombone and tuba. In ad
1. the sound of two notes played on a brass instrument such as a tuba or trombone. 2. noun /'ʊmpa/ /'oompah/ elaborate or lavish display a ceremo