(Borago officinalis L.)
The large, deep green, leaves of common borage are covered with white, stiff, prickly hairs, and occasionally the leaves of borage may be confused with the large, fussy, deep green leaves of foxglove. Misidentification of foxglove for borage resulted in digitoxin poisoning after the patient ingested a brewed tea from the misidentified foxglove leaves.1
Common Name: Common Borage, Bee Plant, Bee Bread, Ox's Tongue
Scientific Name: Borago officinalis L.
Botanical Family: Boraginaceae (borage, bourraches)
Physical Description: This hairy, annual herb grows up to 2–3 ft (∼60–90 cm) in height. The leaves are alternate, wrinkled, oval, and pointed with dimensions of about 1.5 by 3 in (∼4 cm by 8 cm). Bright blue to pink, star-shaped flowers appear in loose racemes during the summer. Borage has a salty flavor with an aroma of cucumbers.
Distribution and Ecology: This plant inhabits wide areas of the west coast and the northern and northeastern states of the United States, as well as southern Europe. Although this plant is native to Syria, common borage has naturalized in the warmer parts of central, eastern, and western Europe. The common name, bee plant, is derived from the use of this plant as an attractant for honeybees.
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- 4. Meta-analysis of placebo-controlled studies of the efficacy of Epogam in the treatment of atopic eczema. Relationship between plasma essential fatty acid changes and clinical response. Br J Dermatol 1989; 121: 75-90. , , , , , , et al.
- 5. Double-blind, multicentre analysis of the efficacy of borage oil in patients with atopic eczema. Br J Dermatol 1999; 140: 685-688. , , , , , , et al.
- 6. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with gammalinolenic acid. Ann Intern Med 1993; 119: 867-873. , , .
- 7. Evening primrose oil and borage oil in rheumatologic conditions. Am J Clin Nutr 2000; 71(suppl):352S-356S. , .
- 8. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with gammalinolenic acid. Ann Intern Med 1993; 119: 867-873. , , .
- 9. Potential of evening primrose, borage, black currant, and fungal oils in human health. Ann Nutr Metab 2001; 45: 47-57. .
- 10. Analysis of triacylglycerols by silver-ion high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Lipids 1996; 31: 1311-1322. , .
- 11. Effect of borage oil consumption on fatty acid metabolism, transepidermal water loss and skin parameters in elderly people. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2000; 30: 139-150. , .
- 12. Metabolism of gammalinolenic acid in human neutrophils. J Immunol 1996; 156: 2941-2947. , , , , , .
- 13. Dietary supplementation with oils rich in (n-3) and (n-6) fatty acids influences in vivo levels of epidermal lipoxygenase products in guinea pigs. J Nutr 1990; 120: 36-44. , , , .
- 14. Herbal medicinals: Selected clinical considerations focusing on known or potential drug-herb interactions. Arch Intern Med 1998; 158: 2200-2211. .
- 15. Analysis of triacylglycerols by silver-ion high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Lipids 1996; 31: 1311-1322. , .
Borage is a native European annual that is grown around the world, mostly in temperate climates. It is often found in herb gardens. Both...
A hardy annual herb, Borago officinalis , with hairy, cucumber-flavoured leaves and intense blue flowers. Used to flavour drinks and rarely in...
Source: Borago officinalis L. (Family Boraginaceae). Common/vernacular names: Borage. GENERAL DESCRIPTION Coarse, hispid annual,...