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Definition: Black Sox scandal from Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase and Fable

A scandal in the world of sport when in 1919 eight members of the Chicago White Sox, subsequently nicknamed the 'Black Sox', were accused of accepting bribes to lose the World Series that year to the Cincinnati Reds. The eight were acquitted through insufficient evidence but were later banned from baseball for life. See also Say it ain't so, Joe.

Summary Article: Black Sox scandal
from The Columbia Encyclopedia

episode in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox, the American League champions, were banned from baseball in 1921 for having conspired with gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds. The best-known of the “Black Sox” was Shoeless Joe Jackson. Because of the scandal, baseball club owners appointed Judge Kenesaw M. Landis as commissioner of baseball to clean up the sport. The immense, rising popularity of Babe Ruth is thought to have counteracted the damage done to professional baseball by the Black Sox.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018