(mäks bĕk'män), 1884–1950, German painter. A member of the Berlin secession from 1908 to 1911, he was impressionistic in his early style. A subsequent expressionistic phase was altered c.1917 by the savage new objectivity of George Grosz. Beckmann developed a richer, more personal, more dramatic, and more symbolic art in the 1920s. The power of his allegorical expressionism increased through the war years, which he spent in Amsterdam after fleeing Nazi Germany in 1937. Beckmann came to the United States in 1947 and taught at Washington Univ., St. Louis, and at the Brooklyn Museum School, New York City. His well-known triptych, Departure (1932–35; Mus. of Modern Art, N.Y.C.) is one of 18 powerful monumental triptychs that culminated in The Argonauts (1950).
- See Max Beckmann: Self-Portrait in Words: Collected Writings and Statements (1997);. ,
- S. Bieber; B. Buenger, ed., Max Beckmann (2003);.
- Beckmann (2011);. ,
- Max Beckmann: The Landscapes (2011);. ; ,
- Beckmann and America (2012);. et al.,
- K. Schick; H. Gassner, ed. Max Beckmann: The Still Lifes (2015).
His experiences of World War I inspired his grotesque paintings of distorted sometimes mutilated bodies, often indicting...
1884-1950 German expressionist painter. He was disturbed by his experiences as a medical orderly in World War 1, and changed his painting style...
1884-1950 German painter, draughtsman and printmaker Born in Leipzig, he moved to Berlin in 1904, where he began painting large-scale, dramatic works