(1815) Battle between the U.S. and Britain during the War of 1812. Late in 1814 a British fleet of more than 50 ships commanded by Gen. Edward Pakenham (1778–1815) sailed into the Gulf of Mexico and prepared to attack New Orleans. Gen. Andrew Jackson, commander of the U.S. Army of the Southwest, which consisted chiefly of militiamen and volunteers, fought the British regulars who stormed their position on Jan. 8, 1815. His troops were so effectively entrenched behind earthworks and the British troops so exposed that the fighting was brief, ending in a decisive U.S. victory, a British withdrawal, and the death of Gen. Pakenham. The battle was without military value, since the Treaty of Ghent ending the war had been signed in December, but the news had been slow to arrive. The victory nevertheless raised national morale, enhancing Jackson’s reputation as a hero and preparing his way to the presidency.
Event: New Orleans, Battle of
Definition: battle (military operation)
Significance: naval warfare, land warfare
Related Event: 1812, War of
Related Place: United Kingdom, Louisiana, New Orleans, Mississippi River, United States
Keywords: United Kingdom, Louisiana, New Orleans, naval warfare, New Orleans, Battle of, battle, 1812, War of, land warfare, Mississippi River, United States, Battle of New Orleans