Island, the middle of the three Volcano Islands, Japan. Situated in the western Pacific, it is about 5 mi (8 km) long, 800 yards to 2.5 mi (730 m–4 km) wide, and has an area of 8 sq mi (20 sq km). It was under Japanese control until 1945, when it was the scene of one of the severest campaigns of World War II. After extensive bombing by U.S. planes (December 1944–February 1945), it was invaded by U.S. marines and was finally completely taken by mid-March; it became a strategic base for U.S. planes en route to Japan. In 1968 it was returned to Japan.
Place: Iwo Jima
Location: island, Japan
Type: Physical Place
Related Event: World War II, Iwo Jima, Battle of
Related Place: Volcano Islands, Japan, Pacific Ocean
Keywords: island, Volcano Islands, Iwo Jima, Japan, Pacific Ocean, World War II, Iwo Jima, Battle of
This tiny, volcanic island of surreal ash and slag was strategically important because it lay on the air route from Saipan to Tokyo. From it,...
Battle on the center island of the Volcanos group in the north Pacific, 1221 kilometers (759 miles) from Tokyo . It was the fiercest...