Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: Bunker Hill, Battle of from Philip's Encyclopedia

(June 17, 1775) Battle in the American Revolution fought on Boston's Charlestown peninsula. The first large-scale battle of the war, it was actually fought S of Bunker Hill on Breed's Hill. Although the Americans were driven from their position, they inflicted heavy losses on the British.

Summary Article: Bunker Hill, Battle of
From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

(June 17, 1775) First major battle of the American Revolution. Within two months after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, more than 15,000 colonial troops assembled near Boston to prevent the British army from occupying several hills around the city, including Bunker and Breed’s hills. The colonists fortified Breed’s Hill in Charlestown, across the Charles River from Boston. They withstood a cannonade from British ships in Boston Harbor and fought off assaults by 2,300 British troops but were eventually forced to retreat. Although the British won the battle, it was a Pyrrhic victory that lent considerable encouragement to the revolutionary cause. British casualties (about 1,000) and the colonists’ fierce resistance convinced the British that subduing the rebels would be difficult.

Event: Bunker Hill, Battle of

Dates: 1775-06-17

Definition: battle (military operation)

Significance: land warfare

Related Event: American Revolution, Boston, Siege of

Related Place: Massachusetts, United Kingdom, Rhode Island, Charlestown, Boston, United States, New Hampshire, Connecticut

Keywords: Rhode Island, Charlestown, land warfare, Bunker Hill, New Hampshire, Boston, Siege of, American Revolution, Massachusetts, United Kingdom, Bunker Hill, Battle of, Battle of Bunker Hill, battle, Boston, United States, Connecticut

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

Related Articles

Full text Article Bunker Hill, Battle of (17 June 1775)
The Companion to British History, Routledge

This battle for a key point near Boston (Mass) was fought not on Bunker Hill but on Breeds Hill, a low mound nearby. The British under...

Full text Article Bunker Hill, battle of
Dictionary of British History

(17 June 1775) A battle during the American Revolution. Bunker Hill (properly Breed's Hill) on the outskirts of Boston, held by New England...

Full text Article Bunker Hill, Battle of
Chambers Dictionary of World History

The first pitched battle of the American Revolution , technically a US defeat. The British garrison dislodged New England troops from their...

See more from Credo