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Definition: Bangalore from Philip's Encyclopedia

(Bangalur) Capital of Karnataka state, S central India. Established in 1537 by the Mysore dynasty, Britian retained the city as a military headquarters until 1947. Bangalore is the sixth largest city in India, and an important industrial and communications centre. Main products include aircraft and machine tools. Pop. (2005) 6,532,000.


Summary Article: Bengaluru
From The Columbia Encyclopedia

(bĕng-gä´´lōrō'), formerly Bangalore (băng-gӘlôr'), city (1991 pop. 2,651,000; metropolitan area 4,130,288), capital of Karnataka state, S central India, 3,000 ft (914 m) above sea level. A major industrial and transportation area of S India, Bengaluru is the economically vibrant center of India's high-technology sector, including computer, biotechnology, and aircraft industries as well as international telecommunications services. The city is also an important Indian design center, and the Indian Space Research Organization has its headquarters there. Well-planned, with numerous parks and wide streets, Bengaluru is a famous retirement place because of its mild climate.

It was founded in 1537, taken by Haidar Ali (c.1760), but restored to the original rulers of Bengaluru after the British defeated Tippoo Sahib, the son of Haidar Ali, at Shrirangapatna in 1799. As Bangalore it was British India's military and civil administrative station from 1831 to 1881. The remains of the palace of Tippoo Sahib and several institutes of learning, notably the Indian Institute of Science, are outstanding landmarks. The city was renamed from Bangalore, the anglicized version of the local name, to Bengaluru (sometimes spelled Bengalooru) in 2006, but the central government did not approve the change until 2014.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018