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Definition: Baldung, Hans from Chambers Biographical Dictionary

also called

Hans Grien



German painter and engraver

Born in Weiersheim, near Strasbourg, he may have been a pupil of Albrecht Dürer. His mature works display deliberate exaggeration of late Gothic styles to obtain often morbid quasi-Expressionist effects in the manner of Matthias Grünewald, as in Die Frau und der Tod (Basle) and Die Eitelkeit ("Vanity", Vienna).

Summary Article: Baldung Grien, Hans (1484/85–1545)
From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

German Renaissance painter, engraver, and designer. A prolific and accomplished artist, he designed tapestries and stained glass, produced many graphic works, and painted religious subjects, portraits, and allegories. His works, in which he sometimes employs a dramatic foreshortening, frequently display an interest in the occult, as in The Bewitched Stableboy.

He was born in Gmund in Swabia but lived chiefly in Switzerland, near Strasbourg. Early in his career he worked in Albrecht Dürer's workshop in Nuremberg (1503–09); some of Baldung's works reflect Dürer's influence. His principal religious paintings were his altarpiece for the cathedral in Freiburg, The Adoration of the Kings (Berlin) and Crucifixion (Basel), showing an ornate invention. The fantastic and sombre element recurrent in German art appears in such an allegory as his Death and the Maiden (Basel).

His woodcuts are variously signed HB, HBG, and HG.

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