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57 Topic Pages Found in Contemporary Issues & Controversies
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Open Abortion

Worldwide, some 46 million women have abortions every year. Of these abortions, only slightly more than half are legal, that is, take place under

Open Affirmative action programs
Affirmative action programs

The term affirmative action describes programs that give special consideration or preference to members of previously disadvantaged groups, most


According to the U.S. State Department, Somalia's Harakat al Shabab al Mujahideen (Arabic for “Movement of the Youth”), known most commonly as simply

Open Animal rights
Animal rights

Animal rights stem from early animal welfare organizations. However, there is a difference between the two movements. Animal rights advocates believe

Open Baez, Joan
Baez, Joan

Jacqueline Edmondson is associate dean for undergraduate and graduate programs in the College of Education at the Pennsylvania State University. She

Open Biological and Chemical Weapons
Biological and Chemical Weapons

The ability to use certain biological and chemical agents as weapons is predicated on certain principles: The agent needs to be economically viable,

Open Caste

What makes Indian society unique is the phenomenon of caste. Economic, religious, and linguistic differentiations, even race-based discrimination, are

Open Churches and Taxes
Churches and Taxes

Taxation, or the revenue raised by the state to be used for governing, has many political implications. The taxing authority, whether local or


member of a state, native or naturalized, who owes allegiance to the government of the state and is entitled to certain rights. Citizens may be said

City Planning

process of planning for the improvement of urban centers in order to provide healthy and safe living conditions, efficient transport and