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54 Topic Pages Found in Contemporary Issues & Controversies
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Open Abortion
Abortion

Worldwide, some 46 million women have abortions every year. Of these abortions, only slightly more than half are legal, that is, take place under

Open Affirmative action programs
Affirmative action programs

The term affirmative action describes programs that give special consideration or preference to members of previously disadvantaged groups, most

Open Animal rights
Animal rights

Animal rights stem from early animal welfare organizations. However, there is a difference between the two movements. Animal rights advocates believe

Open Baez, Joan
Baez, Joan

Jacqueline Edmondson is associate dean for undergraduate and graduate programs in the College of Education at the Pennsylvania State University. She

Open Biological and Chemical Weapons
Biological and Chemical Weapons

The ability to use certain biological and chemical agents as weapons is predicated on certain principles: The agent needs to be economically viable,

Open Caste
Caste

What makes Indian society unique is the phenomenon of caste. Economic, religious, and linguistic differentiations, even race-based discrimination, are

Open Churches and Taxes
Churches and Taxes

Taxation, or the revenue raised by the state to be used for governing, has many political implications. The taxing authority, whether local or

City Planning

process of planning for the improvement of urban centers in order to provide healthy and safe living conditions, efficient transport and

Open Climate change
Climate change

“Climate change” is the now commonly used term, having replaced “global warming,” for the rapid rise in the average temperature of the Earth's

Open Cloning
Cloning

Cloning, from the Greek klon meaning a cutting such as is used to propagate plants, is essentially a form of asexual reproduction. The initial stages