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32 Topic Pages Found in Botany and starting with the letter S
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Open Safflower

Carthamus tinctorius L. is the cultivated species of safflower. The word tinctorius essentially means ‘for dyeing’ in English. The flowers of

Open Saffron

name for a fall-flowering plant (Crocus sativus) of the family Iridaceae ( iris family) and also for a dye obtained therefrom. The plant is native to

Open sage

any species of the large genus Salvia, aromatic herbs or shrubs of the family Labiatae ( mint family). The common sage of herb gardens is S.


fluid in plants consisting of water and dissolved substances. Cell sap refers to this fluid present in the large vacuole, or cell cavity, that

Open Sapodilla

The sapodilla is found in the wild from southern Mexico to Nicaragua, but is now cultivated in other areas, including Southeast Asia. The

Open Sassafras

Source: Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees [syn. S. officinale Nees et Eberm.; S. variifolium (Salisb.) Kuntzel] (Family Lauraceae). Common/vernacular

Open Savannas

Introduction Savannahs are areas of tropical grassland. They are characterized by a continuous cover of grasses and may have a variety of other plant

Open saxifrage

( săk'sĭfrĭj ), common name for several members of the Saxifragaceae, a family of widely varying herbs, shrubs, and small trees of cosmopolitan

Open seaweed

name commonly used for the multicellular marine algae . Simpler forms, consisting of one cell (e.g., the diatom ) or of a few cells, are not generally


In biology, the ability of an organism, or part of an organism, to detect changes in the environment. All living things are capable of some