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12 Topic Pages Found in Archaeology & Paleontology and starting with the letter P
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Open paleontology

( pā´´lēəntŏl'əjē ) [Gr.,= study of early beings], science of the life of past geologic periods based on fossil remains. Knowledge of the existence of

Open Parthenon (Athens, Greece)
Parthenon (Athens, Greece)

Over the past two and a half millennia the Parthenon has been temple, church, mosque, ruin, reconstruction, and icon. Built as a temple to the goddess

Open Parthia

( pär'thēə ), ancient country of Asia, SE of the Caspian Sea. In its narrowest limits it consisted of a mountainous region intersected with fertile


Ancient Greek city in Mysia in western Asia Minor, which became the capital of an independent kingdom in 283 BC under the Attalid dynasty . As the

Permian period

( pûr'mēən ) [from Perm, Russia], sixth and last period of the Paleozoic era (see Geologic Timescale , table) from 250 to 290 million years ago. The

Open Petra

An ancient city in the desert wastes of Jordan, Petra was forgotten and unknown to the West from the time of the Crusades until 1812, when a young

Piltdown man

Fossil skull and jaw fragments ‘discovered’ by Charles Dawson at Piltdown, East Sussex, England, between 1908 and 1912, and believed to be the

Open Plesiosauria

( plē´´sēəsôr'əs ), genus of extinct predatory marine reptiles that arose in the Triassic period of geologic time and continued into the Jurassic and

Open Pompeii (Extinct city)
Pompeii (Extinct city)

Pompeii is the best known of all Mediterranean archaeological sites, having been famously buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE , and then


the baked-clay wares of the entire ceramics field. For a description of the nature of the material, see clay . It usually falls into three main