### Topic Pages

##### factor

In algebra, certain kinds of polynomials (expressions consisting of several or many terms) can be factorized using their common factors . Brackets are

##### Fermat, Pierre de (1601 - 1665)

French mathematician who, with Blaise Pascal , founded the theory of probability and the modern theory of numbers. Fermat also made contributions to

##### Fibonacci numbers

The sequence 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, … where each term, after the first two, is the sum of the preceding pair of terms. Sometimes the sequence is

##### Fisher, Irving (1867 - 1947)

US economist, noted for developing the quantity theory of money . His contributions ran all the way from mathematical statistics to monetary doctrine

##### Fourier, Jean Baptiste Joseph (1768 - 1830)

Unusually for a mathematician, Fourier pursued a distinguished nonmathematical career. He was a civilian member of General Bonaparte’s expedition to

##### Fractals

A term introduced in 1975 by the French mathematician B.B. Mandelbrot to describe geometric objects that, in a certain sense, have ‘fractional

##### fraction

[Lat.,=breaking], in arithmetic, an expression representing a part, or several equal parts, of a unit. In writing a fraction, e.g., 2/5 or 2/5, the

##### Frege, Gottlob (1848 - 1925)

Place : Germany Subject : biography, maths and statistics German logical philosopher and mathematician whose main purpose was to define once and for

##### Friedman, Milton, 1912-2006

Born: July 31, 1912, in Brooklyn, New York; Died: November 16, 2006, in San Francisco, California; American; monetary policy, price theory, public

##### fuzzy logic

In mathematics and computing, a form of knowledge representation suitable for notions (such as ‘hot’ or ‘loud’) that cannot be defined precisely but