Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: Van Gogh from The Macquarie Dictionary

Vincent 1853—90, Dutch post-impressionist painter; his work was influential in the development of Fauvism and German expressionism.


Summary Article: Van Gogh, Vincent from Philip's Encyclopedia

Dutch painter, a leading exponent of expressionism. He was a lay preacher to Belgian coal miners before suffering a psychological crisis. Virtually self-taught, Van Gogh's early works, such as The Potato Eaters (1885), are Millet-influenced studies of working-class life. In 1886, he left Holland for Paris, where his palette was transformed by post-impressionism, experimenting briefly with pointillism. In 1888, Van Gogh moved to Arles, Provence, where he was joined by Gauguin. Suffering from mental illness and depression, he cut off part of his left ear after a quarrel with Gauguin. Van Gogh's paintings from this period include the Sunflower series (1888), and the Night Café (1888). He entered an asylum at Saint Rémy, where he painted a series of landscapes, such as Starry Night (1889). These paintings are executed with heavy brushwork in flame-like colour, with passionate expression of light and emotion. Van Gogh committed suicide in Auvers. In a brief and turbulent life, he sold only one painting and was supported by his younger brother Théo.

Copyright © 2007 Philip's

Related Credo Articles

Full text Article
VAN GOGH, VINCENT (1853–1890)
Encyclopedia of Disability

Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh was born in Zundert, the Netherlands. At age 27, after years spent in various failed professions, he decided to...

Full text Article
Gogh, Vincent van (1853 - 1890)
The Bloomsbury Guide to Art

He was born near Brabant, the son of a minister. In 1869, he got a position at the art dealers, Goupil and Co. in The Hague,...

Full text Article
Wheatfield with Crows, 1890 (oil on canvas)
Bridgeman Images: Cultural Collection

Artist: Gogh Vincent van (1853-90) Location: Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Credit: Wheatfield with Crows, 1890 (oil on canvas), Gogh,

See more from Credo