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Definition: Azov, Sea of from Philip's Encyclopedia

(Azovskoye More) Northern arm of the Black Sea. A shallow sea with only slight salinity, Azov has fishing ports on its E and S coasts. The marshes and lagoons at the W (Crimean peninsula) end were so noxious the sea was known as Sivash (putrid lake). Area: 37,607sq km (14,520sq mi).


Summary Article: Azov, Sea of from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Inland sea between Ukraine and Russia, forming a gulf in the northeast of the Black Sea, to which it is connected by the narrow Kerch Strait. It has an area of 37,555 sq km/14,500 sq mi, and is extremely shallow, with an average depth of only 8 m/26 ft, and nowhere exceeding 16 m/52 ft. The sea is frozen for four to six months every year. Principal ports include Rostov-na-Donu, Mariupol, Kerch', and Taganrog. The main rivers flowing into the Sea of Azov are the Don, and the Kuban.

The industrial city of Azov is a good source of freshwater fish, though fishing on the sea has declined due to increasing salinity of the water. To the west of the Sea of Azov, and separated from it only by a long narrow sandy peninsula called Arabat, is the Sivash (Putrid) Sea, a series of very saline lagoons and marshes.

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