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Definition: Aberdeenshire from The Columbia Encyclopedia

council area (1993 est. pop. 223,630), 2,438 sq mi (6,315 sq km), and former county, NE Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Aberdeenshire (or Aberdeen) became part of the Grampian region in 1975. In the local government reorganization of 1996, Grampian was dissolved and the council area of Aberdeenshire was created; the new council area is larger than the former county.


Summary Article: Aberdeenshire from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide
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Image from: Cattle are now worldwide with numerous breeds. in The Crystal Reference Encyclopedia

Unitary authority in northeast Scotland, created in 1996 from three districts within the former Grampian region; its administrative headquarters, Aberdeen, lies outside the authority.

Area 6,308 sq km/2,436 sq mi

Towns Banff, Fraserburgh, Huntly, Peterhead, Stonehaven, Inverurie

Physical area of contrast with mountainous western interior, intensively farmed core, and coastal plain; Cairngorm Mountains; rivers Deveron, Ythan, Don, and Dee

Features Balmoral Castle; Braemar Games

Industries oil and gas, papermaking, whisky distilling, seafood, tourism

Agriculture fishing, beef cattle, cereal crops

Population (2001) 226,900

Economy This prosperous part of Scotland has both traditional and modern economic enterprise. Agriculturally rich, the area is well known for cereal production, livestock, such as pedigree Angus and Beef Shorthorn cattle; there are many agricultural shows in the area. Aberdeenshire is Scotland's foremost fishing area, which is important at Peterhead, Fraserburgh, and MacDuff, in particular. As well as this, half of Scotland's malt whisky distilleries are found in the Glens of Moray in Aberdeenshire.

The eastern seaboard also serves the oil and gas industry of the North Sea and the western area has an important tourist industry because of its association with royalty and its mountain environment.

Environment There are 80 Sites of Special Scientific Interest, eight National Nature Reserves, three Ramsars (wetland sites), five Special Protection Areas, two Biogenetic Reserves, two National Scenic Areas, and four country parks.

Architecture The area has many examples of historic buildings and is particularly rich in castles, including that at Huntly (16th century); in the Dee valley, Crathes (16th century), Drum, Aboyne, and Braemar (all 17th century), and Dunnottar Castle (about 1392). Balmoral Castle, the Queen's Highland residence, is situated 15 km/9 mi west of Ballater in the Dee valley. The area has Scotland's only castle trail, as well as many stone circles.

Administrative history Aberdeenshire is the only Scottish unitary authority with its administrative headquarters outside its administrative area. It was created in 1996 from the districts of Banff and Buchan, Gordon, and Kincardine and Deeside. Aberdeenshire includes the pre-1974 county of the same name, Kincardinshire, and parts of Banffshire.

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Aberdeenshire

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