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Harvdictmusic
Wide ranging and reliable, this treasure trove includes entries on all the styles and forms in Western music; comprehensive articles on the music of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Near East; descriptions of instruments enriched by historical background; and articles that reflect today's beat, including popular music, jazz, and rock.
Editor(s): Don Michael Randel
Edition: 4th
Articles: 6,011
Images: 346

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A

1. See Pitch names , Letter notation , Hexachord , Pitch . 2. An abbreviation for alto or altus . 3. A [It.], ...

Abbassare [It.]

To lower, e.g., the pitch of a string. ...

Abbellimento [It.]

Ornament. ...

Abbreviations

For abbreviated or shorthand forms of musical notation, see Notation . Abbreviations of words, including performance directions, should be...

Abdämpfen [Ger.]

To damp, to mute. ...

Abduction from the Seraglio

See Entführung aus dem Serail, Die . ...

Abegg Variations

Schumann's variations for piano op. 1 (1829–30), dedicated to his friend Meta Abegg, whose name is represented in the first five notes...

Abendmusik [Ger.]

An evening concert in a church; specifically the performances at the Marienkirche in Lübeck, north Germany, begun in the 17th century and...

Ab [Ger.]

Off, as for a mute or an organ stop. ...

Abgesang [Ger.]

See Bar form . ...

Abgestossen [Ger.]

See Staccato . ...

Abnehmend [Ger.]

See Diminuendo . ...

Absetzen [Ger.]

1. To separate; to articulate. 2. To intabulate, i.e., to transcribe in tablature . ...

Absolute music [fr. Ger. absolute Musik, absolute Tonkunst]

Instrumental music that is "free of" [Lat. absolutus ] any explicit or implied connection with, or reference to, extramusical reality. The...